Prelude- The cork was out of the bottle
& he knew it. During the fall & winter Albert Sidney had put on a
good show, leaked to the press & told anyone who would listen that he was
ready for anything the Union could throw at
him. In late fall he sent a messenger to President Davis to inform him of the
real situation and requested more troops & supplies, they were denied.
After poorly situating two forts on the Tennessee
and Cumberland Rivers
inside Tennessee not to violate the
neutrality of Kentucky,
he reluctantly occupied Boling Green, when he saw that Union forces had
violated the neutrality. His forces were greatly outnumbered and exposed in
forward positions easily outflanked in the vast territory he was expected to
defend. With an overland expedition moving on Nashville & the loss of the forts on the Tennessee and Cumberland
Rivers withdraw was the only way to save what army he had. Only by abandoning
Fort Donelson &
Nashville at the last moment was he able to save the troops. For now a
concentration was planned at Corinth
Mississippi. President Davis
having relented released forces from the coast, & gladly sent General
P.G.T. Beauregard to be 2nd in command. Union armies under
Generals Grant & Buell are converging on Corinth,
General Grant’s Army of the Tennessee
is encamped along the Tennessee River at Pitt’s Landing and General Buell’s
Army of the Ohio
is a day or two’s march away.
The stage is set- General A. S. Johnston
has his way the Army of the Mississippi will be deployed with Corps abreast,
the element of surprise gone after the skirmish on the 5th,
however the delays have allowed the Union positions to be thoroughly
scouted. The one question yet to be answered is who will "Water our horses in the Tennessee River"!
Location: Hardin County
Campaign: Federal Penetration up the Cumberland and
Tennessee Rivers (1862)
Date(s): 6 –7 April, 1862
Principal Commanders: Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Maj.
Gen. Don Carlos Buell [US]; Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston and Gen. P.G.T.
Forces Engaged: Army of the Tennessee and Army of the
Ohio (80,650) [US]; Army of the Mississippi (63,850) [CS]
Estimated Casualties: Unknown